Your search for 'Young Bingham Hutchinson' found:

Briefly about the Young Bingham Hutchinson:

Young Bingham Hutchinson was born on 14 August 1806 in Richmond, Surrey, England, to Andrew and Anne Hutchinson. After serving as a lieutenant in the Royal Navy, he emigrated to South Australia in 1836 on the Buffalo. Hutchinson, bought town lots as well as land in the Encounter Bay district. He held the role of Emigration [...]

Read more about the Young Bingham Hutchinson

Journal Entries written by: Young Bingham Hutchinson

Wednesday 13 July 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Wednesday, July 13, 1836. Fresh breezes & cloudy from the Westward.
The Ship loosed from the Hulk, & anchored at Spithead.

[ Read the full journal for: Wednesday 13 July 1836 ]


Saturday 23 July 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

July 23. Saturday. Weather fine, & wind NW with every appearance of
a change in our favor. 8. Governor Hindmarsh & family,
J.H. Fisher, Esqre (Colonial Commissioner) & family, came on board.
Noon. Do Wr [Ditto Weather] 1.30. Weighed anchor & stood out, but soon after, the
wind drawing round to the Westward, & the sky assuming a wild
look, we tacked, stood into St Helen’s road, and anchored. at
2.30. Mr T.H. Fisher landed on Isle of Wight. EvengFine. W.S.W.

[ Read the full journal for: Saturday 23 July 1836 ]


Sunday 24 July 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

A strong gale from the S.W. with constant rain. Noon. The wind became more moderate from the N.W. and the rain ceased, but the weather still looked unfavorable. Bad weather & necessary duties in the ship had prevented the per- -formance of Divine Service, but in the evening the emigrants having commenced singing psalms, the [...]

[ Read the full journal for: Sunday 24 July 1836 ]


Monday 25 July 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Weather cloudy, wind veering from N.W. to N.N.W. Fidded top galt masts & prepared to weigh anchor. P.M. The wind continued fresh from N.W. but it was de- -termined to proceed to sea tomorrow, if it became no more unfavourable. In the afternoon, the Governor’s sister & daughters went to the Isle of Wight for [...]

[ Read the full journal for: Monday 25 July 1836 ]


Tuesday 26 July 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

8. Calm & fine. 10. Light airs & fine from S.W. Sent two boats to assist the Watertank alongside. Completed water & the crew & emigrants consumed 15 tons more in washing & laying in private stocks. Let out the ducks & geese to wash themselves. A party of gentlemen (of whom I was one) [...]

[ Read the full journal for: Tuesday 26 July 1836 ]


Wednesday 27 July 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Light winds from Westwd. 5. Weighed & stood to the Southward, close hauled on the starboard tack. 11. Tacked & stood in. Noon. Light airs & fine. P.M. Do Wr. Tacked. 4. Wind light from the South: set topgt studg sails. 8. Do Wr.

[ Read the full journal for: Wednesday 27 July 1836 ]


Thursday 28 July 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Light airs & fine wr, wind S.S.E. steering W.b S.
at 11. The whole of the crew & passengers assembled
to witness the celebration of three weddings on board, previous
to which part of the Morning Service of Prayer, & part of
the Prayers to be used at sea, were offered up by the Revd
C.B. Howard: after the ceremony the married couples and
bridesmaids were regaled in the cabin by His Excellen-
-cy the Governor. Noon. Light airs & fine wr. wind S.S.W.
P.M. Light winds & cloudy, S.W. with a threatening aspect.
The first number of the “Buffalo Telegraph” appeared.
(This was a periodical, to be continued weekly during the
voyage, by contribution of original articles by those on
board). Contributed “a letter from Bembridge” &c. &c. &c.
The wedding parties were regaled with wine on the quarter-
-deck, after which followed singing & dancing. Wind
freshened during the evening against us. Shortened sail.

[ Read the full journal for: Thursday 28 July 1836 ]


Friday 29 July 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Fresh breezes with rain, S.W. Under double reefed topsails. Finding the ship was making no progress, while the wind increased in violence against us, we bore up for St Helen’s roads, where we arrived at 8 P.M. The wind increased to a gale from West. Down togt yards.

[ Read the full journal for: Friday 29 July 1836 ]


Saturday 30 July 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Strong gales & cloudy, N.W. Mr Sadler, late Master of the Ship came on board. A lighter came alongside with provisions. Found the Tam o’Shanter, in which my stores were shipped, had been obliged to put in here. Several of her passengers came on board of us. Evening. Weather more modte.

[ Read the full journal for: Saturday 30 July 1836 ]


Sunday 31 July 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Light winds & fine from N.W. to North. 11. The tide serving, we weighed anchor & stood out to sea; before we cleared the island, the wind became unfavorable, & increased in violence. The Tam o’Shanter being 1 mile on our weather beam. P.M. Fresh breezes & fine. 8. Tacked, about 1 mile from the [...]

[ Read the full journal for: Sunday 31 July 1836 ]


Monday 1 August 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

August 1. Fresh breezes & cloudy from West to S.W. Made no progress during the night, Tam o’Shanter in Co. P.M. Fresh breezes with rain. 2. Bore up for St Helen’s roads. 5. Saw the land. 7.30. Anchored in St Helen’s roads. Light airs.

[ Read the full journal for: Monday 1 August 1836 ]


Tuesday 2 August 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Fresh breezes & fine. West. Recd fresh beef & provisions. The Water tank came. A party of us rowed the ladies in the cutter to the Isle of Wight. Took a walk, & afterwards (19 of us) took refreshment at the house of the brother of Mr Fisher (Col. Com.) then took another walk afterwards [...]

[ Read the full journal for: Tuesday 2 August 1836 ]


Wednesday 3 August 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Moderate breezes & fine from S.E. At 5, we weighed & beat out of the roads of St Helen’s. At 10, having weathered St Catherine’s point, we kept away & set topmast & tgt studg sails. P.M. light winds & fine. Wind drew forward to Westly. Braced sharp up on larbd tack. 8. Tacked off [...]

[ Read the full journal for: Wednesday 3 August 1836 ]


Thursday 4 August 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Close hauled on larbd tack, wind W.b S. Saw the land at 8 on the lee beam. Drizzly occasionally Calm during the middle of the day, off the coast of Dorsetshire. About 7 P.M. a light air sprung up from the N.E. At 10, the light of Portland bore East, about 12 miles. Midt. Light [...]

[ Read the full journal for: Thursday 4 August 1836 ]


Friday 5 August 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Light airs & cloudy, N.E. All sail set. Shewed
our Number to the The Channel Squadron of the Royal Navy was first stationed in the English Channel in 1690 to defend Britain against the French Navy. Channel Squadron (6 sail of line)
Noon. Almost calm & fine. Aired the emigrants’ bedding &c.
& inspected them for This might refer to bed bugs, fleas, lice, or all three. Scabies was also often referred to as ‘the itch’, but the mites which cause it are microscopic and unlikely to be found by inspection of bedding. the itch – a few cases only. P.M. A light
breeze from the Northward. Attended concert in the cabin.

[ Read the full journal for: Friday 5 August 1836 ]


Saturday 6 August 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Light winds, North. Rather fine weather. Set lower studg sail. Noon. Lat. 49E27′ N. Long. 6E12′ Wt 69 miles run since Noon yesterday, which added to 200 miles run from Isle of Wight, makes 269. P.M. Cloudy, light winds from N.E. Spoke a Spanish brig. 10. Light winds and rainy.

[ Read the full journal for: Saturday 6 August 1836 ]


Sunday 7 August 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Sunday, Augt 7. Moderate winds & cloudy. All sail set before the wind. Steering W.S.W. 10. Mustered Ship’s company by Divisions, after which the Revd C. Howard read prayers & preached a very excellent, appropriate & feeling sermon. Noon. Do Wr. Miles run 269 + 107 = 376. Lat. 40E11′ No. Long. 8E14′ Wt. P.M. [...]

[ Read the full journal for: Sunday 7 August 1836 ]


Monday 8 August 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Monday, Augt 8. Fresh breezes & cloudy. Wind E.N.E. Steering W.S.W. All sail set. Saw Mother Carey’s chickens (Stormy Peterel) Noon. Do Wr. Going 7 knots. Miles run 376 + 110 = 486. Lat. 47E30′ No. Longe 9E59′ W. P.M. Fresh breezes & fine. 10. Shortened sail.

[ Read the full journal for: Monday 8 August 1836 ]


Tuesday 9 August 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Tuesday, August 9th, 1836. Fresh breezes & fine from N.E. Steering S.W.b W. Set lower topmast & tgt studg sails. A large Ship in sight. Noon. Do Wr. Miles run, 486 + 165 = 651. Lat. 44E15′ North. Longe 12E00′ West. P.M. Fresh breezes & fine. Shortened sail.

[ Read the full journal for: Tuesday 9 August 1836 ]


Wednesday 10 August 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Wednesday, Augt 10. Fresh breezes & fine. Cloudy occly. Set studg sails. Passed three vessels during the day; exchanged colours with an English schooner. Noon. Do Wr. Miles run, 651 + 171 = 822′. Lat. 41E37′ No. Longe 13E36′ Wt. Steering S.W. Wind N.E. P.M. Do Wr. Car- -ried away the starbd fore topmt studg [...]

[ Read the full journal for: Wednesday 10 August 1836 ]


Thursday 11 August 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Thursday, Augt 11. Fresh breezes and fine wr. Steering S.W. Wind N.E. Noon. Do Wr. Miles run, 822 + 168 = 990′. Lat. 38E57′ No. Longe 14E57′ Wt. P.M. The wind more moderate. Set the mainsail before the wind, having clewed up the foresail: found the Ship steer better. Evening. Wind N.b E. Set foresail, [...]

[ Read the full journal for: Thursday 11 August 1836 ]


Friday 12 August 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Friday, Augt 12. Moderate breezes & fine. Steering S.W. Wind N.N.E. A large Ship in Co. Fitted a private bathing place for the use of the children. Noon. Light winds. Late 36E57′ No. Long.15E52 Wt. Miles run, 990 + 120 = 1110. P.M. Wind N.N.W. Trimmed sails.

[ Read the full journal for: Friday 12 August 1836 ]


Saturday 13 August 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Saturday, Augt 13. Light winds & fine. West. Close hauled. 3 Sail in sight.
Noon. Do Wr. Miles run, 1110 + 76 = 1186. Late 35E33′ No. Longe 16E26′ W.
Hove to, to pick up a beam of deal, covered in barnacles. Having obtain-
-ed permission, I leaped overboard in my clothes, & swam toward
the boat: some of my companions called out that a shark was
following me, so I got astride of the log, where the fish follow-
-ed me, but proved to be a few dolphins, attracted by the le-
-pas on the wood: after scraping them off, it was hoisted in.
P.M. Fine weather & light winds. Steering S.W. People very merry.

[ Read the full journal for: Saturday 13 August 1836 ]


Sunday 14 August 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Light winds & fine. Several sail in sight. This day
I attained the age of 30 years: therefore cease to be a young man
an awful & painful reflection, being still a bachelor, & likely to con-
tinue so for some time. Prayers & sermon by the Revd C. Howard.
Noon. Do Wr. Lat. 34E24′ No. Longe 17E7′ Wt. Miles run 1186 + 59 = 1245′.
P.M. Do Wr. Passed all the emigrants in review for inspection.
Established classes for Sunday reading among their children.

[ Read the full journal for: Sunday 14 August 1836 ]


Monday 15 August 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Anniversary of passing of So Australian Bill. Light variable winds & fine. Laying about S.W. Noon. Do Wr. Saw Madeira ahead. Miles run, 1245 + 57 = 1302. P.M. Lat. 33E23′ No. Longe – . 6.30. Not being able to weather the West- -ern point of Madeira, & the wind falling very light, we attemp- [...]

[ Read the full journal for: Monday 15 August 1836 ]


Tuesday 16 August 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Light variable airs & fine wr. Found that owing to the variable airs, & perhaps a current, we had been losing ground during the night. Madeira bore S.E. 12 miles. 8. Tacked, & stood in. Noon. Do Wr. Lat. 32E44′ No. Long. 17E58′ Wt. Miles run, 1302 + 60 = 1362. P.M. Wind South. Tacked, [...]

[ Read the full journal for: Tuesday 16 August 1836 ]


Wednesday 17 August 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Moderate & fine wr. Wind S.E. Steering S.S.W. Set top- -               mast & tgt studg sails. Passed a Hanoverian Ketch. Noon. Do Wr. Miles run, 1362 + 100 = 1462. Lat. 31E13′ No. Long. 18E 33′ Wt. P.M. Mode & fine. Saw the first shoal of flying-fish. Midnight. East & squall. In studg sails and [...]

[ Read the full journal for: Wednesday 17 August 1836 ]


Thursday 18 August 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Moderate & hazy. East. Steering S.S.W. Set                  royals & studg sails. Noon. Do Wr. Miles run 1462 + 126 = 1588. Lat. 29E10′ Nt. Long. 19E00′ Wt. P.M. Mode & hazy, like a trade wind, N.E. All sail set before the wind, & going 8 knots. !!!!!!!!!!!

[ Read the full journal for: Thursday 18 August 1836 ]


Friday 19 August 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Moderate & hazy wr. Wind N.E. Steering S.W. All sail                  set both sides. Plenty of flying-fish to be seen. Miles run, 140 + 1558 = 1728. Lat. 27E11′ No. Longe 20E2′ Wt. P.M. Fresh breezy & cloudy. 8. Do Wr. Going along quietly & steadily.

[ Read the full journal for: Friday 19 August 1836 ]


Saturday 20 August 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Moderate & hazy wr. Wind N.N.E. Course, S.W. All sail set. Empd scrubbing clothes &c. Miles run, 747 + 1720 = 1875. Lat. 24E54′ No. Longe 21E18′ Wt. P.M. Fresh breezes & hazy. Wind North. 8. Do Wr. 10. In royals & topgt studg sails.

[ Read the full journal for: Saturday 20 August 1836 ]


Sunday 21 August 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Moderate wind & hazy wr. Wind North. Steering
S.W.b W. All sail set. Divine Service – prayers, singing, &
a sermon by Revd C. Howard. Noon. Miles run 164 + 1875 = 2039.
P.M. Latitude is the distance of a point north or south of the equator as measured in degrees. The poles are at 90 degrees north and south. Lat.  22E34′ No. Longitude is the distance, measured in degrees, of the meridian on which a point lies to the meridian of Greenwich. On the other side of the earth to Greenwich is a point with a longitude of both 180 degrees east and 180 degrees west. Longe  22E45′ Wt. 8. Do Wr. {Sunday schools}
First issue of limejuice today, ½ oz. per person, per day per diem, per caput.

[ Read the full journal for: Sunday 21 August 1836 ]


Monday 22 August 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Moderate breezes & hazy weather. Wind N.E. Course S.W.b W. All sail set. Scrubbed hammocks & washed clothes. Noon. Do Wr. Miles run, 135 + 2039 = 2174. Lat. 20E51′ No. Longe 24E3′ Wt. P.M. Mode & hazy wr. A flying-fish flew on board & was taken prisoner, & proved an acceptable meal to Mrs [...]

[ Read the full journal for: Monday 22 August 1836 ]


Tuesday 23 August 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Moderate wind & hazy wr. Wind East. Course S.W.b W. All sail set. Dried bedding. Caught another flying-fish, which was disposed of, in a similar manner to its predeces- -sor. Noon. Light winds. Miles run, 97 + 2174 = 2271. Lat. 19E 32′ No. Longe 25E15′ Wt. P.M. Modte & fine. Midt. Very fine.

[ Read the full journal for: Tuesday 23 August 1836 ]


Wednesday 24 August 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Modte wind & hazy wr. Wind East. Course S.S.W. All sail set. All awnings spread. Shoals of flying-fish all day. Noon. Miles run, 103 + 2271 = 2374. Lat. 17E46′ No. Long. 25E50′ Wt. P.M. Modte & fine. 8. Do Wr. All night on deck.

[ Read the full journal for: Wednesday 24 August 1836 ]


Thursday 25 August 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Moderate & fine wr. Thermometer 82E in cabin. Course S.S.W. Wind East. All sail set. Miles run, 124 + 2374 = 2498. Lat. 15E40′ No. Longe 26E4′ Wt. Noon. Light winds. P.M. Do Wr. Caught a young dolphin. A Ship in company. Midnight. A large Ship ranged up on our lee quarter, & proved to [...]

[ Read the full journal for: Thursday 25 August 1836 ]


Friday 26 August 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Modte & fine wr. Course South. Wind East. A Ship in Co. All sail set. Noon. Do Wr. Miles run 102 + 2490 = 2600. Lat. 13E43′ No. Longe 25E40′ W. P.M. Do Wr. Passed a Dutch barque.

[ Read the full journal for: Friday 26 August 1836 ]


Saturday 27 August 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Modte & fine. Course South. Wind East. All sail set. Noon. Do Wr. Miles run, 97 + 2600 = 2697. Late 12E6′ No. Long. 25E16′. P.M. Do Wr. at 10, the wind drew round North, & at midnight N.W. with rain, trimd on starbd tack.

[ Read the full journal for: Saturday 27 August 1836 ]


Sunday 28 August 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Sunday, Augt 28. Heavy rain, Wind West. Course South.
Mustered the crew & emigrants, & read the The regulations which govern the behaviour of members of the Royal Navy. Articles of war (by the Governor). Lowered the topsails in squalls.
Took in one reef. Noon. Miles run 89 + 2697 = 2786.
Late 10E43′ No. Longe 25E. P.M. Modte with rain. People very
busy catching water in various vessels, water being
scarcer yesterday than brandy or wine: that is to
say that I could get brandy or wine to drink, easier than
water. In 2d reefs of topsails, down royal yards. Rainy.

[ Read the full journal for: Sunday 28 August 1836 ]


Monday 29 August 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Monday, Augt 29. Modte & fine wr. Empd washing clothes. A heavy swell from S.W. Wind S.W. Head S.S.E. Miles run, 78 + 2786 = 2864. Lat. 9E54′ No. Longe 23E33′ Wt. P.M. Do Wr. Sunset. Cloudy with lightning.

[ Read the full journal for: Monday 29 August 1836 ]


Tuesday 30 August 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Tuesday, Augt 30th. Vble weather & wind. rain occasionally. Steering S.S.E. Wind West. One of the seamen, who had been sinking for some time, died this forenoon. Noon. Cloudy with light variable winds. Miles run, 88 + 2864 = 2952. Late 8E40′ No. Longe 22E28′ Wt. P.M. Light variable airs. 6. Buried the corpse of [...]

[ Read the full journal for: Tuesday 30 August 1836 ]


Wednesday 31 August 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Wednesday, Augt 31. Moderate & cloudy. wind SW. Head SSE. Miles run, 62 + 2952 = 3014. Noon. Mode & cloudy. Lat. 7E50′ No. Longe 21E58′ Wt. P.M. A sail on the weather bow. 6. Shortened sail, wind freshened from the S.S.W.

[ Read the full journal for: Wednesday 31 August 1836 ]


Thursday 1 September 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Thursday, September 1. Moderate & cloudy. Wind S.S.W. Head S.E. Miles run, 97 + 3014 = 3111. Noon. Modte & fine. Lat. 7E19′ No. Longe 20E10′ Wt. P.M. Do Wr.

[ Read the full journal for: Thursday 1 September 1836 ]


Friday 2 September 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Friday, Septr 2. Moderate breezes & cloudy. Wind S.W. Head S.S.E. Miles run 88 + 3111 = 3199. Noon. Late 6E51′ No. Longe 19E 13′ Wt. P.M. 4. Do Wr. Tacked, wind, SW. 8. Modte & squally occly.

[ Read the full journal for: Friday 2 September 1836 ]


Saturday 3 September 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Saturday, Sept 3. Modte & squally, rain at times. Wind SW, & Head W.N.W. Miles run, 89 + 3111 = 3200. Noon. Do Wr. Lat.7E12′ No. Long. 19E13′ Wt so that we had lost 20 miles during the 24 hours. P.M. Squally with rain. Four sail in sight on a wind.

[ Read the full journal for: Saturday 3 September 1836 ]


Sunday 4 September 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Sunday, Septr 4. Modte & cloudy. 8. Tacked to the S.Ed. Wind S.S.W. Performed Divine Service, by Revd C. Howard. Noon. Do Wr. Miles run, 81 + 3200 = 3281. Lat. 7E33′ No. Longe 19E48′ Wst So that we lost 21 miles since Noon yesterday. P.M. Modte & fine. Head S.S.E. Wind S.W. 8. Do [...]

[ Read the full journal for: Sunday 4 September 1836 ]


Monday 5 September 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Monday, Septr 5. Modte & fine. Scrubbed hammocks & clothes.
Head S.b E. Wind S.W.b W. Out all reefs of the topsails.
Noon. Do Wr. Miles run, 87 + 3281 = 3368. Late 6E27′ No. Longe 18E
29′ Wt. The dog “Lion” fell overboard from the forechains, and
was a long way astern before he was discovered: tacked to
pick him up; lowered a boat for the purpose: no worse.
P.M. Do Wr. 8. Modte & cloudy. Midnight. Do Wr.

[ Read the full journal for: Monday 5 September 1836 ]


Tuesday 6 September 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Tuesday, Septr 6. Moderate & fine. A little rain occasionally. Wind S.W. Head S.S.E. Noon. Do Wr. Miles run 103 + 3368 = 3471. Late 5E00′ No. Longe 17E. P.M. Do Wr. Sunset. Beat to Quarters, & in 2d reefs of the topsails. Squally at times.

[ Read the full journal for: Tuesday 6 September 1836 ]


Wednesday 7 September 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Wednesday, Septr 7. Modte & fine. Wind S.W.b S. Head S.E.b S. Noon. Do Wr. Miles run, 104 + 3471 = 3575. Lat. 4E3′ No. Longe 15E. P.M. 2.30. Tacked, having fallen off to E.S.E. Passed a Dutch brig to leeward, which we passed to windward 5 or 6 days since. Head W.b S. Sunset. [...]

[ Read the full journal for: Wednesday 7 September 1836 ]


Thursday 8 September 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Thursday, Septr 8. Modte & fine. Wind S.S.W. Tacked. Head S.E. Miles run, 97 + 3575 = 3672. Lat. 3E51′ No. Longe 16E28′ Wt. P.M. Do Wr. A dutch brig in Co. Also a Ship to leeward. Sunset. In 1st reefs of the topsails. Midnight. Light winds & fine.

[ Read the full journal for: Thursday 8 September 1836 ]


Friday 9 September 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Friday, Septr 9. Moderate breezes & fine. An American barque to leeward. Head S.E.b E. Wind S.b W. Miles run, 84 + 3672 = 3756. Late 3E50′ No. Longe [...] One mile nearer the line than yesterday. P.M. Light winds & fine. In 2d reefs.

[ Read the full journal for: Friday 9 September 1836 ]


Saturday 10 September 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Saturday, Septr 10. Modte & hazy wr. Head S.E. Wind S.S.W. Washed lower deck, & got up the emigrants’ luggage. Noon. Do Wr. No observation of the Sun. Miles run 73 + 3756 = 3829. Lat. D.R. 3E22′ N. Longe 13E40′ W. P.M. Moderate and hazy. Sunset. Mustered at Quarters, & in 1st & 2d [...]

[ Read the full journal for: Saturday 10 September 1836 ]


Sunday 11 September 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Sunday, Septr 11. Modte & squally, rain at times. Head S.E. Wind S.S.W. The weather prevented the performance of Divine Service. Noon. Do Wr. Miles run, 80 +3829 = 3917. Late 2E49′ No. Longe 12E10′ Wt. P.M. Fresh breezes & cloudy. 5. Wore Ship. Head W.b N.

[ Read the full journal for: Sunday 11 September 1836 ]


Monday 12 September 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Monday, Septr 12th. Moderate & cloudy wr. Head W.b N. Wind S.W.b S. Washed clothes. Miles run 111 +3917 = 4028. Lat. 2E40′ North. Longe 12E33′ Wt. P.M. Modte & cloudy. making very little progress.

[ Read the full journal for: Monday 12 September 1836 ]


Tuesday 13 September 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Tuesday, Septr 13. Modte & fine. Head W.S.W. Wind South. Aired the bedding. The gentlemen emigrants were subjected to their first military training. Noon. Do Wr. Miles run, 108 + 4028 = 4136. Late 2E28′ No. Long 15E25′ Wt. Commenced to drill the emigrant labourers. 6. Quadrilles on the quarter-deck.

[ Read the full journal for: Tuesday 13 September 1836 ]


Wednesday 14 September 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Wednesday, Septr 14. Modte & fine wr. Wind S.S.E. Head S.W. Miles run, 92 + 4136 = 4228. Noon. Do Wr. P.M. Mode & fine. Late 1E40′ No. Longe 16E46′. Sunset. In 1st reefs of topsails. 10. Small rain.

[ Read the full journal for: Wednesday 14 September 1836 ]


Thursday 15 September 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Thursday, Septr 15th. Moderate & fine. Wind S.S.E. Head S.W. Miles run, 102 + 4228 = 4330. Noon. Do Wr. Lat. 0E21′ No. Longe 17E50′ Wt. 6. Quadrilles & country dances on the quarter-deck. At 7.30. The approach of Neptune being notified by the man look- -ing out on the forecastle, the mizen topsail was [...]

[ Read the full journal for: Thursday 15 September 1836 ]


Friday 16 September 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Friday. Septr 16. Moderate & fine. At 3, a sailor heaving the lead in the main chains, fell overboard, & it was some time before he was missed; the ship was then hove to, & a boat lowered to look for him; but although a good swimmer, he could not be found: blue-lights & muskets [...]

[ Read the full journal for: Friday 16 September 1836 ]


Saturday 17 September 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Saturday, Septr 17. Moderate & rainy. 7. Wind S.E. Head S.W. 8. Mode & fine. Set ftmstudg sail, flyg jib & royals. Noon. Do Wr. Miles run, 111 + 4436 = 4547. Late 2E20′ So. Longe 20E20′ Wt. Wind S.E. b S. In ftmstudg sail. Sunset. In 2d reefs of topsails. Fair wind.

[ Read the full journal for: Saturday 17 September 1836 ]


Sunday 18 September 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Sunday, Septr 18. Mode & squally. In tgt sails. Set Do. 10. Fine. Performed Divine Service. Noon. Do Wr. Miles run, 116 + 4547=4663. Lat. 4E00′ So. Longe 21E31′ Wt. P.M. Mode & drizzly occasionally. Saw a large shark. Sunset. In 2d reefs of topsls.

[ Read the full journal for: Sunday 18 September 1836 ]


Monday 19 September 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Monday, Septr 19. Modte weather, squally at times. Rose at 5, & saw
the Southern Cross for the first time since 1824. Wind
S.E. Head S.W.b S. Noon. Moderate & fine. Miles run 125 + 4663
= 4788. Late obs. 5E50′ So. Longe 6E. A A dance performed by four couples. It became popular in England after 1813. quadrille on the The quarter deck was the deck between the main mast and the back of the ship. quarter deck .

[ Read the full journal for: Monday 19 September 1836 ]


Tuesday 20 September 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Tuesday, Septr 20. Moderate, & squally occasionally. Busy A military exercise in rifle handling. drilling
the labouring emigrants in the use of the A muzzle-loaded, smooth bore long gun, fired from the shoulder. musket .
Noon. Fine weather. Miles run, 132 + 4788 = 4920. Lat. 7E48′ South
Longe 23E58′ Wt. P.M. Do Wr. Wind S.E. Ship’s head, S.W.b S.
Fine moonlight night. A dance performed by four couples. It became popular in England after 1813. Quadrilles & country dances on deck.

[ Read the full journal for: Tuesday 20 September 1836 ]


Wednesday 21 September 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Wednesday, Septr 21. Modte & squally. Found all the bees in the hive
dead. A bed of finely-powdered earth having been prepared
& manured in a box, was sown with peach, apricot, almond, &
grape seeds, some soaked & others not; some in the shell, & some
out of it: it was then closed up tight, light being admitted.
(they all failed.)

[ Read the full journal for: Wednesday 21 September 1836 ]


Thursday 22 September 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Thursday, Septr 22. Moderate & fine. Out all reefs, set royals & tgt studg sails. Noon. Do Wr. Miles run, 134 + 5054 = 5188. Late 11E17′ So. Longe 26E26′ Wt. P.M. Do Wr. Wind S.E. Head S.W.b S.

[ Read the full journal for: Thursday 22 September 1836 ]


Friday 23 September 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Friday, Septr 23. Modte & fine. Course, S.W.b S. At 7. Wind came East, out all reefs, set royals & tgt studg sails. 8.30. In royals. Washed clothes. Noon. Do Wr. Light winds. Miles run, 145 + 5188= = 5333. Lat. 13E21′ So. Longe 27E30′ West. P.M. Light winds. Sunset. In 1st reefs, royals, & [...]

[ Read the full journal for: Friday 23 September 1836 ]


Saturday 24 September 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Saturday, Septr 24th. Moderate & fine. Course So. Wind E.b S. Set roy- -als. Washed lower deck. Noon. Do Wr. Miles run, 120 + 5333 = 5453. Late 15E21′ So. Longe 28E12′ Wt. P.M. Fine wr.

[ Read the full journal for: Saturday 24 September 1836 ]


Sunday 25 September 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Sunday, Septr 25th. Moderate breezes & fine wr. Course So. Wind E.b S. Revd C. Howard read prayers & preached after Muster by Divisions. Noon. Do Wr. Miles run, 124 + 5453 = 5577. Lat.17E21′ So. Longe 28E14′ Wt. P.M. Do Wr.

[ Read the full journal for: Sunday 25 September 1836 ]


Monday 26 September 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Monday, Septr 26. Moderate & fine. Course S.S.E. Wind E.b N.
Very busy drilling both labourers & their masters.
A dozen little pigs born last night, eleven doing well.
Noon. Miles run, 124 + 5577 = 5701. Lat. 19E13′ South.
Longe Rio Janeiro, distant 890 miles, & bearing W.½So.
P.M. Light winds & fine. A dance performed by four couples. It became popular in England after 1813. Quadrilles & country dances on deck.

[ Read the full journal for: Monday 26 September 1836 ]


Tuesday 27 September 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Tuesday, Septr 27. Light winds, & light showers occasionally. Head S.b E. Wind East. 9.30. Altered course tod West, & made all sail before the wind for Rio Janeiro. Noon. Do Wr. Miles run, 103 + 5701 = 5804. Lat. 20E31′ S. Longe. P.M. Moderate & fine, a light shower occasionally. A large Ship standing [...]

[ Read the full journal for: Tuesday 27 September 1836 ]


Wednesday 28 September 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Wednesday, Septr 28. Head West. Wind N.N.E. Trimmed sails, & in lee studg sails. 6. Saw Martin Vas rocks, North, about 7 leagues. Empd drilling gentlemen & the labourers. Noon. Moderate & fine. Miles run, 142 + 5804 = 5946. Late 21E12′ So. Longe 29E24′ Wt. P.M. Moderate breezes & fine.

[ Read the full journal for: Wednesday 28 September 1836 ]


Thursday 29 September 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Thursday, Septr 29. Moderate & cloudy Wr. All sail set, wind N.b E. Course West. Noon. Do Wr. Miles run, 170 + 5946 = 6116. Lat. DR. (no obs.) 21E42′ So. Longe 32E17′ Wt. P.M. Do Wr. In royals.

[ Read the full journal for: Thursday 29 September 1836 ]


Friday 30 September 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Friday, Septr 30th. Moderate & cloudy. Set royals & studg sails. Wind N.N.E. Course West. Noon. Do Wr. Miles run, 143 + 6116 = 6259. Lat. obs. 22E9′ So. Longe T.K. 35E5′ Wt. P.M. Do Wr. In studg sails. Cape Frio at Noon distant 390 miles, & bearing, S.82EWt.

[ Read the full journal for: Friday 30 September 1836 ]


Saturday 1 October 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Saturday, October 1. Fresh breezes & cloudy. Set top & tgt studg sails. Employed painting Ship & preparing for harbour. Noon. Do Wr. Miles run, 164 + 6259 = 6423. Lat. obs. Longe . P.M. Do Wr. 4. Wind became variable with rain. 6. In 2 reefs of topsails. Calms & variable winds, rain occly.

[ Read the full journal for: Saturday 1 October 1836 ]


Sunday 2 October 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Sunday, Octr 2. Fresh breezes & squally. 2. Wore Ship & stood to the Westward. Wind S.b W. Head West. Owing to the rain Prayers were read in the Wardroom. Many birds following the Ship today. Noon. Fresh breezes & fine. Miles run, 85 + 6423 = 6508. Late obs. 22E36′ So. Longe 39E37′ Wt. [...]

[ Read the full journal for: Sunday 2 October 1836 ]


Monday 3 October 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Monday, Octr 3. Light winds & fine. 8. Made all sail on a wind. Empd washing. 11. Saw the land on the lee beam. Noon. Miles run, 81 + 6508 = 6589. Lat. obs. 22E39′ So. Longe 40E39′ Wt. P.M. Light airs & fine. Sunset. Cape Frio, on lee bow, 20 miles.

[ Read the full journal for: Monday 3 October 1836 ]


Tuesday 4 October 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Tuesday, Octr 4. Moderate breezes & fine. Running along the land towards Rio Janeiro. Wind Easterly. Noon. Do Wr. Miles run, 113 + 6589 = 6702. At 2.30. Anchored in Rio Janeiro harbour. Salu- -ted Rear Admiral Hammond, which was returned: also the flag of Brazil with 21 guns, which was returned. Moored the Ship. [...]

[ Read the full journal for: Tuesday 4 October 1836 ]


Wednesday 5 October 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Wednesday, Octr 5. Light winds & fine. Vble. Busy getting
bread & stores on board in flag-ship’s boats.
Spent the day on board & on shore with the Hindmarshes.
Breaker’s baby died while on shore, but was brought off.

[ Read the full journal for: Wednesday 5 October 1836 ]


Thursday 6 October 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Thursday, Octr 6. Light winds & fine. Employed watering.
Attended the Hindmarshes to the Museum. Dined on shore.

[ Read the full journal for: Thursday 6 October 1836 ]


Friday 7 October 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Friday, Octr [7]. Moderate & cloudy. 9. Rode to the Botanical Gardens
with the Hindmarshes. 4. Heavy rain. Empd watering.

[ Read the full journal for: Friday 7 October 1836 ]


Saturday 8 October 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Saturday, Octr 8. Fresh breezes & rainy. S.W. Employed watering.
9[?]. Completed water. Went Shopping with the Hind-
-marshes. Dined in the cabin. Mr Vidal came to tea.

[ Read the full journal for: Saturday 8 October 1836 ]


Sunday 9 October 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Sunday, Octr 9. Heavy showers. Walked with the Hindmarshes –
Attended Divine Service on board HM Ship Dublin (50).
The Governor introduced me to Sir Graham Eden Hammond.
Dined & took tea with the Hindmarshes in the cabin.

[ Read the full journal for: Sunday 9 October 1836 ]


Monday 10 October 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Monday, Octr 10. Showery weather. Completed water again.
People busy washing clothes. Up tgt yards. Got
two mules on board & stowed them in the launch.

[ Read the full journal for: Monday 10 October 1836 ]


Tuesday 11 October 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Tuesday, Octr 11. Cloudy weather. Unmoored Ship, & crossed
royal yards. Received a number of banana, pine,
cactus, & other plants, as emigrants to South Australia.

[ Read the full journal for: Tuesday 11 October 1836 ]


Wednesday 12 October 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Wednesday, Octr 12. Light airs & fine. N.E. 5.30. Weighed & made
sail.

[ Read the full journal for: Wednesday 12 October 1836 ]


Thursday 13 October 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Thursday, Octr 13. Fresh breezes & fine. Wind N.E. Course S.E.
Allowance of water 5 pints a day: met with a heavy
disaster – upset my water bottle, & lost a quart of its contents

[ Read the full journal for: Thursday 13 October 1836 ]


Friday 14 October 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Friday, Octr 14. Fresh breezes & hazy. Wind N.E.b N. Head S.E.b E. Set & in tgt sails occasionally. Noon. Do Wr. Miles run, 180 + 6854 = 7034. Lat. obs. 27E30′ So. Longe 39E26′ Wt. P.M. Do Wr.

[ Read the full journal for: Friday 14 October 1836 ]


Saturday 15 October 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Saturday, Octr 15. Fresh breezes & cloudy. Wind N.N.E. Course E.S.E. Noon. Do Wr. Miles run, 180 + 7034 = 7214. Lat. D.R. 29E 9′ So. Longe 36E41′. P.M. Rain Occasionally. 11. Wind shifted to the N.E.

[ Read the full journal for: Saturday 15 October 1836 ]


Sunday 16 October 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Sunday, Octr 16. Light winds & fine. Head E.S.E. Wind S.b W.
Out reefs, set tgt sails, royals, & tgt studg sails. 10.30. Divine
Service performed by Revd C. Howard. Noon. Do Wr, rather
cool weather. Miles run, 131 + 7214 = 7345. Lat. obs. 30E8′ So.
Longe 34E24′ Wt. P.M. Moderate breezes & fine, going 5 Knots.

[ Read the full journal for: Sunday 16 October 1836 ]


Monday 17 October 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Monday, Octr 17. Variable wind & weather, rain occasionally. Out 2d reefs. Recommenced drilling the emigrants. Noon. Moderate & fine wr. Miles run, 105 + 7345 = 7450. Lat. obs. 30E30′ So. Longe 32E32′ W. P.M. Do Wr. Set royals, topmast & lower studg sails.

[ Read the full journal for: Monday 17 October 1836 ]


Tuesday 18 October 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Tuesday, Octr 18. Fresh breezes & squally. Steering E.S.E. Wind right aft. Rolling deep. Furled mizen topsail. Noon. Do Wr. Miles run, 171 + 7450 = 7621. Lat. 32E6′ So. Longe 30E1′ West. P.M. Do Wr. In ftgt sail. Heavy squall during the night.

[ Read the full journal for: Tuesday 18 October 1836 ]


Wednesday 19 October 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Wednesday, Octr 19. Moderate breezes, squally at times. Head ESE. Wind West. Ship rolling very deep. Made & shortened sail occly. Miles run, 186 + 7621 = 7807. Lat. 32E50′ So. Longe 26E27′ Wt. P.M. Do Wr. Sunset. Showery. In fore tgt sail, and mizen topsail.

[ Read the full journal for: Wednesday 19 October 1836 ]


Thursday 20 October 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Thursday, Octr 20. Moderate breezes, rain at times. Head E.S.E. Wind N.W. Miles run 762 + 7807 = 7969. Lat.e 33E24′ So. Longe 23E36′ Wt. Ship rolling deep. P.M. Do Wr. Got the plants off the poop to ease the ship a little. Sunset. Modte & fine.

[ Read the full journal for: Thursday 20 October 1836 ]


Friday 21 October 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Friday, Octr 21. Moderate breezes and cloudy weather. Head E.S.E. Wind N.W. Noon. Do Wr. Miles run, 153 + 7969 = 8122. Lat.e 34E4′ So. Longe 20E43′ Wt. P.M. Moderate & cloudy. Wind N.N.W.

[ Read the full journal for: Friday 21 October 1836 ]


Saturday 22 October 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Saturday, Octr 22. Light winds & hazy. Head E.S.E. Wind N.N.E.
Miles run, 124 + 8122 = 8246. Late 34E26′ So. Longe 18E13′ Wt.
P.M. Light winds & hazy wr. Lowered the cutter to pick up two
Mother Carey’s chickens, & a Cape pigeon which had been
shot: the albatross was too strong to be affected by the shot.
A dance performed by four couples. It became popular in England after 1813. Quadrilles & a country dance on the Technically called a stern deck, the poop is an exposed partial deck on the stern (rear) of a ship. It forms the roof of the stern or ‘poop’ cabin. poop until 8 P.M.

[ Read the full journal for: Saturday 22 October 1836 ]


Sunday 23 October 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Sunday, Octr 23. Light airs & hazy. Divine Service was in
-               terrupted by a sudden increase of wind & wet,
which rendered it necessary to furl royals & tgt sails,
& take in two reefs in the topsails…

[ Read the full journal for: Sunday 23 October 1836 ]


Monday 24 October 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Monday, Octr 24. Fresh gales & squally. 4. More moderate. out 3d reefs of topsails. 6. In 3d reefs of topsails. Noon. Fine fresh breeze. Miles run, 144 + 8305 = 8449. Lat. obs. 35E9′ South. Longe 13E47′ Wt. P.M. Do Wr. Out 3d & 2d reefs of main topsail, & 3d reef of foretopsail: [...]

[ Read the full journal for: Monday 24 October 1836 ]


Tuesday 25 October 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Tuesday, Octr 25. Moderate breeze & fine wr. Wind No. Head E.S.E. Out 1st reef of maintopsail, set royals, lower, topmt & tgt studg sails on larbd side. A great many birds in Co chiefly the blue peterel. Noon. Do Wr. Miles run, 147 + 3449 = 8596. Lat. obs. 34E47′ So. Longe 70E56′ Wt. [...]

[ Read the full journal for: Tuesday 25 October 1836 ]


Wednesday 26 October 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Wednesday, Octr 26. Fresh breezes & squally. Wind from No to NNW. Co E.S.E. Miles run, 185 + 8596 = 8781. Lat. obs. 35E14′ So. Longe 7E24′. Wt. Noon. Do Weather. Squared the yards, furled spanker, down royal yards. P.M. Fresh gales and squally. Wind N.W. The coldest weather since we left England.

[ Read the full journal for: Wednesday 26 October 1836 ]


Thursday 27 October 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Thursday, Octr 27, Fresh gales & squally. Head S.E.b E. Wind from
N.W. to West. Noon. Do Wr. Miles run, 199 + 8781, =
8980. Lat. 35E42′ So. Longe 3E46′ Wt. P.M. 2.30 A heavy sea struck the
starbd quarter boat & stove her. Wind round to S.W. At 5
saw a whale about 40 feet long. Furled mizen topsail &
mainsail: down topgalt yards in the forenoon.
Evening. Strong breezes & heavy squalls occasionally. Wind West.

[ Read the full journal for: Thursday 27 October 1836 ]


Friday 28 October 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Friday, Octr 28. More moderate & cloudy. A baby born this morng.
Set tgt sails. Noon. Modte & fine. Miles run, 173 + 8980 =
9153. Lat. 35E49′ So. Longe 0E40′ Wt. Water on board, 100 tons.
P.M. Fresh breezes & fine. Wind S.E. Head East, ENE, &c &c

[ Read the full journal for: Friday 28 October 1836 ]


Saturday 29 October 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Saturday, Octr 29. Moderate & cloudy. Head from E.N.E. to N.N.E. Wind Vb1e. 6.30. Tacked. Noon. Calm. Miles run, 90 + 9153 = 9243. Lat. 34E56′ So. Longe 0.23′ East. Therr 56E. P.M. Light variable winds. Head from S.S.W. to S.E.b E.

[ Read the full journal for: Saturday 29 October 1836 ]


Sunday 30 October 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Sunday, Octr 30. Modte & fine, Head from South to S.E.b E.
Wind N.Ely. Performed Divine Service. Noon. Do Wr.
Miles run, 75 + 9243 = 9318. Late 35E27′ So. Longe 1E35′ Et.
P.M. Fresh breezes & rainy. Head S.E. b E. Wind Northerly. Short-
-en’d sail. 6. Light winds & vble. Midnight. Fresh fair wind.

[ Read the full journal for: Sunday 30 October 1836 ]


Monday 31 October 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Monday, Octr 31. Fresh breezes & squally. Wind West. Course S.E.b E. 8. Mode & fine. Made sail. Noon. Do Wr. Miles run, 168 + 9318 = 9486. Lat. 35E57′ So. Longe 4E49′ Et. P.M. Light winds & fine. Sunset. Shortened sail. Midt. Do Wr.

[ Read the full journal for: Monday 31 October 1836 ]


Tuesday 1 November 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Tuesday, Novr 1. Light winds & cloudy. Head S.E. Wind Northly. Made all sail. Noon. Mode & fine. Miles run, 130 + 9486 = 9616. Lat. 35E26′ So. Longe 7E11′ East. Cape Lagullas N.81EE. 636′. P.M. Fresh breezes & cloudy. 7. Shortened sail. Midt. Rainy wr.

[ Read the full journal for: Tuesday 1 November 1836 ]


Wednesday 2 November 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Wednesday, Novr 2. Fresh breezes & rainy. Head S.E. Wind W1y. Current N.W. 14 miles. Noon. Mode & fine. Miles run, 185 + 9616 = 9801. Lat. obs. 37E10′ So. Longe T.K. 10E33′ East. P.M. Light winds. Filled 6 tons of salt water. 8. Nearly calm.

[ Read the full journal for: Wednesday 2 November 1836 ]


Thursday 3 November 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Thursday, Novr 3. Fresh breezes & fine. Wind Noly. Course S.E. Empd filling empty tanks with salt water. Current S.E. 13 miles. Miles run, 123 + 9801 = 9924. Lat. 38E10′ So. Longe 13E9′ Et. P.M. Fresh breezes shortened sail. Midt. Moderate.

[ Read the full journal for: Thursday 3 November 1836 ]


Friday 4 November 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Friday, Novr 4. Moderate breezes & fine wr. Wind Westly. Head E.S.E. Water on board, 98 tons. Miles run, 178 + 9924 = 10102. Lat. 37E57′ So. Longe 16E45′ Et. P.M. Fresh breezes & fine. 8. Wind S.W.b W. Squally.

[ Read the full journal for: Friday 4 November 1836 ]


Saturday 5 November 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Saturday, Novr 5. Moderate winds, squally at times. Head E.S.E.
Wind S.W. Noon. Do Wr. Miles run, 162 + 10104 = 10264.
Lat. 37E28′ So. Longe 20E20′ Et. Cape Agulhas, N.4EWt, 162 miles.
P.M. Light airs & fine. From 8 to midnight, Calm and fine.

[ Read the full journal for: Saturday 5 November 1836 ]


Sunday 6 November 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Sunday, Novr 6. Light airs & fine. Wind N.E. Course S.E.b E. 8. Fresh breezes & fine. Performed Divine Service. Noon. Miles run, 68 + 10264 = 10332. Lat. 37E24′ So. Longe 21E49′ Et. St Paul’s S.88EEt, 2650 miles. P.M. Variable.

[ Read the full journal for: Sunday 6 November 1836 ]


Monday 7 October 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Monday, Novr 7. Fresh breezes & squally. Wind W.S.W. Course S.E.b E. Miles run, 173 + 10332 = 10505. Lat. 37E28′ So. Longe 25E3′ East. Noon. Fresh breezes with a heavy swell. P.M. Do Wr.

[ Read the full journal for: Monday 7 October 1836 ]


Tuesday 8 November 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Tuesday, Novr 8. A.M. Moderate breezes & cloudy. Wind W.S.W. Head E.S.E. Set studg sails. Noon. Do Wr with a heavy sea. Miles run, 157 + 10505 = 10662. Late 37E39′ So. Longe 28E26′ Et. P.M. Fresh breezes & cloudy. Shortened sail. Head S.E. Wind S.W.

[ Read the full journal for: Tuesday 8 November 1836 ]


Wednesday 9 November 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Wednesday, Novr 9. Light winds & fine wr. A heavy swell from S.W. Head S.E. Wind S.Wly. 10. Wind N.Ely. Current N.30EW. 38 miles. Noon. Mode & fine. Miles run, 113 + 10662 = 10775. Lat. 37E33′ So. Longe 30E21′ Et. Water remg 87 tons. P.M. Wind N.E. Midnight. Squally. Shortened sail.

[ Read the full journal for: Wednesday 9 November 1836 ]


Thursday 10 November 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Thursday, Novr 10. Fresh breezes & cloudy. 11.30. Shipped a sea. Wind N.E. Head S.E. Noon. Strong breezes. Miles run 181 + 10775 = 10956. Lat. 38E32′ So. Longe 33E45′ Et. P.M. Do Wr.

[ Read the full journal for: Thursday 10 November 1836 ]


Friday 11 November 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Friday, Novr 11. Fresh breezes with rain. Wind N.E. Head S.E.
4. Strong breezes. 4.30. Wind shifted suddenly to the S.W.
Trimmed sails. Exchanged colours with an American Ship.
Noon. Strong winds. Miles run, 170 + 10956 = 11126. Late
38E18′ So. Longe 37E20′ East. St. Paul’s Isle, S.88EE. 1900 miles.
P.M. Fresh breezes & fine. Head E.S.E. Wind    . Wore Ship. Head West
in order to avoid a shoal supposed to be somewhere here.

[ Read the full journal for: Friday 11 November 1836 ]


Saturday 12 November 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Saturday, Novr 12. Fresh breezes & fine. 0.20. Wore Ship. Head East. Wind S.S.E. 8. Mode & cloudy. Head E.N.E. 10.30 Hove to, & spoke an English whaler which sailed on Augt 7th. Noon. Do Wr. Miles run, 119 + 11126 = 11245. Late 38E40′ So. bad. Longe T.K. 38E5′ Et. P.M. Light winds & [...]

[ Read the full journal for: Saturday 12 November 1836 ]


Sunday 13 November 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Sunday, Novr 13. Light winds & hazy. Mustered at Divisions. Read
prayers in the wardroom. Communicated with the whaler
“Woodlark”, whose master dined on board. Head S.Ely. Wind Vble.
Noon. Do Wr. Miles run, 71 + 11245 = 11316. Latitude is the distance of a point north or south of the equator as measured in degrees. The poles are at 90 degrees north and south. Lat. 39E55′ So. Longitude is the distance, measured in degrees, of the meridian on which a point lies to the meridian of Greenwich. On the other side of the earth to Greenwich is a point with a longitude of both 180 degrees east and 180 degrees west. Long.
39E44′ Et. P.M. Mode & fine. Tried for soundings with 130 A fathom is a measure of depth in the imperial system. One fathom is equal to six feet or 1.83 metres. fms
no bottom. 6.30. Set studg sails. Woodlark in company.

[ Read the full journal for: Sunday 13 November 1836 ]


Monday 14 November 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Monday, Novr 14. Moderate & cloudy. Head E.S.E. Wind N.Ely. Woodlark in Co astern. Water on board, 82 tons. Noon. Do Wr. Wind S.W. Miles run, 129 + 11316 = 11445. Lat. 39E39′ So. Longe 42E30′ Et. P.M. Fresh breezes & fine. 6. Cloudy. Lost sight of the Woodlark astern. Shortened sail. 12. Do Wr.

[ Read the full journal for: Monday 14 November 1836 ]


Tuesday 15 November 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Tuesday, Novr 15th. Moderate and cloudy. Head E.N.E. Wind S.E. 8. Mode & fine. Tacked Ship. Head S.b W. So & S.b E. Noon. Do Wr. Miles run, 128 + 11445 = 11573. Late 39E2′ So. Longe 45E5′ Et. P.M. Light winds & cloudy. Head S.S.E – S.E. – S.E.b E. Wind N.Ely. 7.30. Made [...]

[ Read the full journal for: Tuesday 15 November 1836 ]


Wednesday 16 November 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Wednesday, Novr 16. Fresh breezes & hazy. Head S.E.b E. & Wind N.E.b E. Noon. Do Wr. Miles run, 148 + 11573 = 11721. Late 39E45′ So. Longe 48E16′ Et – St Paul’s Isle, 1363 miles. P.M. Fresh breezes & hazy. 7.30. Wind shifted to the N.Wd. Midnight. Moderate breezes and cloudy weather. Y.H. [Author’s [...]

[ Read the full journal for: Wednesday 16 November 1836 ]


Thursday 17 November 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Thursday, Novr 17. Moderate & cloudy. Made sail. Head E.S.E. Wind S.W. Noon. Mode & fine. Miles run, 175 + 11721 = 11896. Lat. 39E28′ So. Longe 52E1′ Et. P.M. Light winds.

[ Read the full journal for: Thursday 17 November 1836 ]


Friday 18 November 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Friday, Novr 18. Light airs & cloudy. Head E.S.E. Wind Variable.
11. Lowered a boat, & a party of us went a shooting:
returned to the Ship, well loaded with birds, of which eight
were albatrosses, one of which measured between the ex-
tremities of the wings 10 feet 6 inches. Noon. Light airs.
Miles run, 65 + 11896 = 11961. Latitude is the distance of a point north or south of the equator as measured in degrees. The poles are at 90 degrees north and south. Lat. 39E16′ So. Longitude is the distance, measured in degrees, of the meridian on which a point lies to the meridian of Greenwich. On the other side of the earth to Greenwich is a point with a longitude of both 180 degrees east and 180 degrees west. Longe 53E11′ Et.
P.M. Light variable winds & cloudy. Head S.E. 12. Fresh brzes.

[ Read the full journal for: Friday 18 November 1836 ]


Saturday 19 November 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Saturday, Novr 19. Fresh breezes & thick wr. Head E.S.E. Wd N.E. Noon. Do Wr. Miles run, 122 + 11961 = 12083. Lat. 39E38′ So Longe 55E37′ Et. P.M. Fresh breezes & cloudy. Shortened sails.

[ Read the full journal for: Saturday 19 November 1836 ]


Sunday 20 November 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Sunday, Novr 20. Moderate & fine. Head E.S.E. Wind S.S.W. Made sail. Divine Service performed in the Wardroom. Noon. Do Wr. Miles run, 177 + 12083 = 12260. Lat. 39E24′ So. Longe 59E20′ Et. P.M. Modte & fine. Nothing.

[ Read the full journal for: Sunday 20 November 1836 ]


Monday 21 November 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Monday. Novr 21. Moderate & fine. Wind Vble. Head Eastly. Made sail. Noon. Light airs. Miles run, 111 + 12260 = 12371. Lat. 38E58′ So. Longe 61E59′ Et. P.M. Light winds & cloudy. Wind Variable. Head N.E. S.S.W. & E.b S. 8. Tacked. Reefed top sails.

[ Read the full journal for: Monday 21 November 1836 ]


Tuesday 22 November 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Tuesday, Novr 22. Moderate & cloudy. Head E.b S. Wind S.b E. Water, 68 tuns. Noon. Miles run, 111 + 12371 = 12482. Late 38E22′ So. Longe 63E45′ Et. P.M. Strong winds & cloudy. Reefed topsails. Wind S.S,E. Midnight. Do Wr.

[ Read the full journal for: Tuesday 22 November 1836 ]


Wednesday 23 November 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Wednesday, Novr 23. Strong breezes & cloudy. Wind S.S.E. Head E.b N. 10. Made sail. 11. Set tgt sails. Noon. Moderate & fine. Miles run, 122 + 12482 = 12604. Lat. 36E58′ So. Longe 65E 46′ Et. P.M. Moderate & cloudy. St Paul’s isle S.79EE. 572′. 5.30. Tacked. Head S.W. 12. Light airs inclining to [...]

[ Read the full journal for: Wednesday 23 November 1836 ]


Thursday 24 November 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Thursday, Novr 24. Light winds & cloudy. Head S.W. Wd Vble 4. Tacked. Head East. Made sail. Noon. Light winds & fine. Miles run, 68 + 12604 = 12672. Lat. 36E36′ So. Longe 65E55′ Et. P.M. Lt winds & fine. 9.45. Wore Ship, head W.S.W. Midt. Light airs.

[ Read the full journal for: Thursday 24 November 1836 ]


Friday 25 November 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Friday, Novr 25th. Light airs & cloudy. 1.30. Wore Ship, head S.E. 8. Made all sail. Noon. Light airs & fine. Miles run, 48 + 12672 = 12720. Lat. 36E36′ So. Longe 67E8′ Et. Water, 63 tons. P.M. Do Wr. Wind S.W.b S. 6. In royals, studg sails, & down jib.

[ Read the full journal for: Friday 25 November 1836 ]


Saturday 26 November 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Saturday, Novr 26. Light winds & fine. Head S.E.½S. Wind S.W.
Made all sail. Noon. Mode & fine. The allowance of
water reduced this day to two quarts a head Latin, per day. per diem , half
of which is consumed in cooking, & the other quart is all
I am allowed for washing & drinking during the day.
Miles run, 754 + 12720 = 12795. Latitude is the distance of a point north or south of the equator as measured in degrees. The poles are at 90 degrees north and south. Late 37E6′ So. Longitude is the distance, measured in degrees, of the meridian on which a point lies to the meridian of Greenwich. On the other side of the earth to Greenwich is a point with a longitude of both 180 degrees east and 180 degrees west. Longe 68E41′ Et.
P.M. Moderate & fine. St Paul’s isle S.77EEt, 444 miles.

[ Read the full journal for: Saturday 26 November 1836 ]


Sunday 27 November 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Sunday, Novr 27. Moderate & fine. Head S.E.½S. Wind N.W. Prayers & a sermon read in the wardroom owing to the unfavourable state of the weather on deck. Noon. Do Wr. Miles run, 125 + 12795 = 12920. Late 38E6′ So. Long. 71E00′ Et. P.M. Do Wr. Shortened sail. Ran against a whale, which gave [...]

[ Read the full journal for: Sunday 27 November 1836 ]


Monday 28 November 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Monday, Novr 28. Fresh breezes & fine. Wind N.W. Hd S.E.b E.½E. Miles run, 155 + 12920 = 13075. Late 38E42′ So. Longe 74E23′ Et. P.M. Mode & fine. Shortened sail. 12. Squally.

[ Read the full journal for: Monday 28 November 1836 ]


Tuesday 29 November 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Tuesday, Novr 29. Fresh breezes & hazy. Wind W.b N. Course S.E.b E.½E. Walker’s wife brought him a boy at 8.30. Noon. Strong breezes. Miles run, 175 + 13075 = 13250. Late 39E3′ So. Longe 77E59′ Et. St Paul’s isle N.11EW, 17 miles. Hauled up to N.N.E. for 3 hours to look for St Paul’s [...]

[ Read the full journal for: Tuesday 29 November 1836 ]


Wednesday 30 November 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Wednesday, Novr 30. Strong breezes. Head S.E.b E.½E. Wind N.N.W. Noon. Miles run, 187 + 13250 = 13437. Late 39E9′ So. Longe 81E40′ Et. P.M. Strong breezes & rainy. Head E.S.E. and wind, W.S.W. Trimmed sails occly. Midnight. Do Wr.

[ Read the full journal for: Wednesday 30 November 1836 ]


Thursday 1 December 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Thursday, December 1. Fresh breezes & rainy. Wind Westly. Head E.S.E. Set mtgt sail. Noon. Mode & cloudy. Miles run, 170 + 13437 = 13607. Late 39E16′ So. Longe 85E19′ Et. Cape Chatham N.80EE. 1488 miles. P.M. Fresh breezes.

[ Read the full journal for: Thursday 1 December 1836 ]


Friday 2 December 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Friday, Decr 2. Strong breezes. 8. Calm with rain. Head E.S.E. Noon. Miles run, 124 + 13607 = 13731. Lat 39E22′ S. Longe 88E3′ Et. P.M. Fresh breezes. Wind W.N.W, Head E.S.E.

[ Read the full journal for: Friday 2 December 1836 ]


Saturday 3 December 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Saturday, Decr 3. Fresh breezes & cloudy. Head E.S.E. Wind W.N.W.
Set Studding sails were set outside the square sails in fine weather and with a fair wind. Their head was fastened to a short yard hoisted to the end of the upper yard and their foot extended by a boom slid out from the lower yard. They took their name, such as main topmast studding sail, from the adjacent sail. studg sails sails. Noon. Miles run, 149 + 13731 =
13880. Latitude is the distance of a point north or south of the equator as measured in degrees. The poles are at 90 degrees north and south. Late 39E16′ So. Longitude is the distance, measured in degrees, of the meridian on which a point lies to the meridian of Greenwich. On the other side of the earth to Greenwich is a point with a longitude of both 180 degrees east and 180 degrees west. Longe 91E14′ Et. Water remg 55 tuns.
P.M. Mode & fine. Head E.b S. Wind Westly. 12. Light winds.

[ Read the full journal for: Saturday 3 December 1836 ]


Sunday 4 December 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Sunday, Decr 4. Moderate and fine. Head E.b S. Wind S.W. then N.N.E. Made sail. No prayers: Revd Mr Howard being unwell. 10.30. Mustered by Divisions. Noon. Rainy. Miles run, 143 + 13880 = 14023. Late 38E57′ So. Longe 94E20′ Et. P.M. Fresh breezes & cloudy. 5.30. Shortened sail. Wind W.N.W.

[ Read the full journal for: Sunday 4 December 1836 ]


Monday 5 December 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Monday, Decr 5. Fresh breezes & cloudy. Wind N.W. Hd E.b S. Noon. Rainy. Miles run, 193 + 14023 = 14116. Late 38E34′ So. Longe 98E27 Et. Cape Chatham 896 miles. P.M. Fresh breezes & rainy. Wind N.W. West & S.W.

[ Read the full journal for: Monday 5 December 1836 ]


Tuesday 6 December 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Tuesday, Decr 6. Moderate breezes & cloudy. Course. E.b S. Wind S.b W. 6. Set tgt sails & out 2nd reefs of top- sails. Noon. Moderate & fine. Miles run, 156 + 14116 = 14272. Late 38E24′ So. Longe 101E44′ Et. Thermometer 50E.

[ Read the full journal for: Tuesday 6 December 1836 ]


Wednesday 7 December 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Wednesday, Decr 7. Calm & fine. Head E.b S. Miles run, 86 + 14272 = 14358. Late 38E3′ So. Longe 103E35 Et. Noon. Calm & fine. P.M. Light airs & fine. Head E.b S. Wind Northly. 12. Mode & cloudy.

[ Read the full journal for: Wednesday 7 December 1836 ]


Thursday 8 December 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Thursday, Decr 8. Fresh breezes & fine. Head E.b S. Wind N.N.E. Miles run, 140 + 14358 = 14498. Lat. 38E7′ So Longe 106E33′ Et. P.M. Fresh breezes & fine. Head E.b N. Wind Northerly. Sunset. Shortened sail. Midnight. Fresh breezes & cloudy.

[ Read the full journal for: Thursday 8 December 1836 ]


Friday 9 December 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Friday, Decr 9. Fresh breezes & cloudy. Head E.b No. Wind N.N.W. Made all sail. Current in two days S.74EEt 32 miles. Noon. Water remg 48 tuns. Miles run, 182 + 14498 = 14680. Lat 37E00′ So. Longe 110E45′ Et. Cape Chatham N.67EEt 300 miles. P.M. Fresh breezes & squally. Shortened sail. Midnight. Do Wr.

[ Read the full journal for: Friday 9 December 1836 ]


Saturday 10 December 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Saturday, Decr 10. Fresh breezes & fine. Head E.b N. Wind West
Employed cleaning ship: bent The old term for the left hand side of a ship looking forward. The right hand side is starboard. To avoid mis-hearing an order, it is now referred to as ‘port’. larboard chain cable.
Miles run, 181 + 14680 = 14861. Latitude is the distance of a point north or south of the equator as measured in degrees. The poles are at 90 degrees north and south. Lat. 36E5′ So. Longitude is the distance, measured in degrees, of the meridian on which a point lies to the meridian of Greenwich. On the other side of the earth to Greenwich is a point with a longitude of both 180 degrees east and 180 degrees west. Longe 114E25′ Et.
P.M. Mode & cloudy. No bottom 100 fms of line at 11.30.

[ Read the full journal for: Saturday 10 December 1836 ]


Sunday 11 December 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Sunday, Decr 11. Mode & cloudy. Made all sail. Head ENE. Wind S.W. 5.30. Saw Cape Chatham in Western Australia bearing N.N.E. Performed Divine Service in the Wardroom. Noon. Do Wr. Land about 7 miles off. Miles run 155 + 14861 = 15016. Lat. 35E10′ So. Longe 117E9′ Et. Barr 30.3. Therm 62E. P.M. Mode [...]

[ Read the full journal for: Sunday 11 December 1836 ]


Monday 12 December 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Monday, Decr 12. Fresh breezes & rainy. Head S.E.b E. Wind S.W. 5.30. Made sail. 8. Mode & fine. Altered course to E.b S. Noon. Water, 44 tuns. Miles run, 168 + 15016 = 15184. Lat. 36o 11′ So. Longe 120E20′ Et. Cape Wiles N.84EE. 764 miles. P.M. Light winds & fine. Wind South. Midnight. [...]

[ Read the full journal for: Monday 12 December 1836 ]


Tuesday 13 December 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Tuesday, Decr 13. Light winds & cloudy. Head E.b S.½S. Wind So. Noon. Miles run, 67 + 15184 = 15251. Lat. 36E16′ So. Longe 121E44′ Et. P.M. Head E.b S. Calms & variable airs.

[ Read the full journal for: Tuesday 13 December 1836 ]


Wednesday 14 December 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Wednesday, Decr 14. Calms & light airs. Head Easterly. Trimd sails occly. Noon. Miles run, 23 + 15251 = 15274. Lat. 36E28′ So. Longe 122E5′ Et. P.M. Calms & light airs.

[ Read the full journal for: Wednesday 14 December 1836 ]


Thursday 15 December 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Thursday, Decr 15. Calms & light airs. Noon. Head S.E. Wind E.N.E. Miles run, 42 + 15274= 15316. Lat 36E30′ So. Longe 123E11′ Et. P.M. Fresh breezes. Shortened sail. Wind E.N.E.

[ Read the full journal for: Thursday 15 December 1836 ]


Friday 16 December 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Friday, Decr 16. Moderate breezes. Head E.b S. Wind E.N.Ely. Made sail. Noon. Miles run, 111 + 15316 = 15427. Lat. 37E36′ So. Longe 125E4′ Et. P.M. Fresh breezes. Head E.b S. Midt. Light winds.

[ Read the full journal for: Friday 16 December 1836 ]


Saturday 17 December 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Saturday, Decr 17. Fresh breezes with rain. Head East. Wind N.N.E.
Made sail. Noon. Light winds. Miles run, 116 +
15427 = 15543. Latitude is the distance of a point north or south of the equator as measured in degrees. The poles are at 90 degrees north and south. Lat. 38E15′ So. Longitude is the distance, measured in degrees, of the meridian on which a point lies to the meridian of Greenwich. On the other side of the earth to Greenwich is a point with a longitude of both 180 degrees east and 180 degrees west. Longe 127E20′ Et. Thermr 61E.
P.M. Moderate & fine. Trimmed sails. Wind S.W. Midt. Do Wr.

[ Read the full journal for: Saturday 17 December 1836 ]


Sunday 18 December 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Moderate & fine. Made sail. Head E.N.E.
Wind S.Wly. Performed Divine Service, & christened
Henry Walker, born on board…

[ Read the full journal for: Sunday 18 December 1836 ]


Monday 19 December 1836

[, who arrived in South Australia on board the wrote.]

Monday, Decr 19. Moderate & fine. Head E.N.E. Wind W.S.W. Surveyed chain cables. Noon. Miles run, 139 + 15688 = 15827. Late 36E14′ So. Longe 132E55′ Et. Cape Wiles, dist 144 miles. P.M. Mode & fine. Head E.N.E. 8. Light winds & fine.

[ Read the full journal for: Monday 19 December 1836 ]


Tuesday 20 December 1836

[, who arrived in South Australia on board the wrote.]

Tuesday, Decr 20. Light winds & fine. Head E.N.E. Wind S.W. Miles run, 121 + 15827 = 15948. Lat. 35E22′ So Longe 135E3′ Et. P.M. Do Wr. 0.45. Saw land on the larbd beam. 5.30. Sounded in 55 fms. 7.30. Cape Wiles, N.N.E. 15 miles. 8. Light airs & fine, Wind Southerly. 9. Hove to. [...]

[ Read the full journal for: Tuesday 20 December 1836 ]


Wednesday 21 December 1836

[, who arrived in South Australia on board the wrote.]

Wednesday, Decr 21. Light winds & fine. 2.30. Filled & stood off. 7.40. Tacked. N.N.W. Water on board, 35 tuns. Noon. Do Wr. Miles run, 59 + 15948 = 16007. Lat. 35E16′ So. Longe 135E36′ Et. Cape Wiles, N.½E. 16 miles. Therm 64 o. P.M. Light winds. Making long tacks, & gaining no ground.

[ Read the full journal for: Wednesday 21 December 1836 ]


Thursday 22 December 1836

[, who arrived in South Australia on board the wrote.]

Thursday, Decr 22. Light winds & fine. Wind variable contrary. 2.30. Tacked. 4. Tacked. 8.50. Tacked. 12. Tacked. Miles run, 68 + 16007 = 16075. Lat. 35E8′ So. Longe 135E25′ Et. P.M. Light winds & fine. 3. Tacked. 8.50. Tacked. 12. Fresh winds.

[ Read the full journal for: Thursday 22 December 1836 ]


Friday 23 December 1836

[, who arrived in South Australia on board the wrote.]

Fresh breezes & fine. Wind Easterly variable.
1.30. Ships could not sail directly into the wind, but they could sail across it at an angle. So, to move forward in the direction of the wind they set a zigzag course, sailing across the wind at alternating angles. That procedure was called tacking. Tacked . 6.40. Tacked. 8. Mode & fine. Miles run,
100 + 16075 = 16175. Latitude is the distance of a point north or south of the equator as measured in degrees. The poles are at 90 degrees north and south. Late 35E21′ So. Longitude is the distance, measured in degrees, of the meridian on which a point lies to the meridian of Greenwich. On the other side of the earth to Greenwich is a point with a longitude of both 180 degrees east and 180 degrees west. Longe 135E45′. Et.
P.M. Light winds & fine. 1. Tacked. 3. Wind ESE.
Set Studding sails were set outside the square sails in fine weather and with a fair wind. Their head was fastened to a short yard hoisted to the end of the upper yard and their foot extended by a boom slid out from the lower yard. They took their name, such as main topmast studding sail, from the adjacent sail. studg sails . 6.30. To reduce sail by taking it in. Shortened sail . Wind very light. Sent
a boat ahead to The action or process of measuring the depth of water with a sounding line, a line marked at intervals of fathoms and weighted at one end. A fathom is a unit of length equal to 6 feet (1.83 metres). sound , running to the No between Williams’s
island & Thistle island. 10. Passed Williams’s island. A fine
moonlight night. Standing up towards Port Lincoln: Going
about 1 knot. Struck a porpoise with the harpoon, & haul-
-ed him in. Ate a piece of him (not bad.) 12. Light airs.

[ Read the full journal for: Friday 23 December 1836 ]


Saturday 24 December 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Light winds & fine. Running up towards
Port Lincoln. 8. To ‘heave to’ is to reduce a ship’s sails and adjust them so they counteract each other and stop the ship making progress. It is a safety measure used to deal with strong winds. Hove to, Boston island, N.W. 2 miles.
8.30. Filled, working into Spalding Cove. Saw the Cygnet
at anchor there. Captn Lipson came on board us at 10.
Captn Hindmarsh went to the Cygnet & on shore. Stood off
to sea. Fresh breezes & fine. Having run about 16200 miles.
P.M. Mode & fine. South. Captain H. came on board. Soon after
Cygnet joined company. 9. A fine clear night. We were
nearly ashore on a small low island not down in the
chart. Employed working between the various islands.

[ Read the full journal for: Saturday 24 December 1836 ]


Sunday 25 December 1836

[, who arrived in South Australia on board the wrote.]

Light winds & fine. S.E. Working to windwd
between Wedge isle & Thistle isle. Performed Di-
-vine Service on deck. P.M. Do Wr. Wind South. At 2
Captn Lipson & family came to dine with the Governor.
Light winds & fine. Working to the N.E. end of Wedge island.

[ Read the full journal for: Sunday 25 December 1836 ]


Monday 26 December 1836

[, who arrived in South Australia on board the wrote.]

Monday, Decr 26. Light winds & fine. E.N.E. Working between Cape Spencer & Wedge island. Tacked occasionly. Noon. Mode & fine. Working along between Kangaroo island & Althorp island. Observed a large fire on shore. Wind Easterly. Calms & variable airs at times. 12. Mode breeze.

[ Read the full journal for: Monday 26 December 1836 ]


Tuesday 27 December 1836

[, who arrived in South Australia on board the wrote.]

Tuesday, Decr 27. Variable winds. The Cygnet sent a boat to the fire on shore, but could not land. 5. A fresh breeze from Westwd. Noon. Light breezes and fine. P.M. Fresh breezes & fine. Heard three guns fired in Ne- -pean bay – answered with two guns. Cygnet in company. 8. Shortened sail, & [...]

[ Read the full journal for: Tuesday 27 December 1836 ]


Wednesday 28 December 1836

[, who arrived in South Australia on board the wrote.]

Mode & fine. 7. Sent a boat on shore
to the settlement in Holdfast bay. 10. Anchor’d
in Holdfast bay in 7 A fathom is a measure of depth in the imperial system. One fathom is equal to six feet or 1.83 metres. fms . Noon. Light winds & fine.
P.M. Do Wr. At 2 His Excellency Governor Hindmarsh
accompanied by the Colonial & Naval Officers land-
-ed. The Ship was dressed in all her colours, & fired
a royal salute, & His Majesty’s commission to
the Governor having been read, a A rifle salute. In French means “fire of joy”. feu-de-joie was
fired by the Marine guard of Honour, when the
English Ensign of St George was hoisted. The
Governor’s Proclamation was then read, after which
His Majesty’s & His Excellency’s healths were drunk
with great enthusiasm. The sailors then began
to get pretty drunk, so that we had great dif-
-iculty to get on board, many staying behind.
The natives set fire to the woods, which burnt grandly.

[ Read the full journal for: Wednesday 28 December 1836 ]


Thursday 29 December 1836

[, who arrived in South Australia on board the wrote.]

Thursday, Decr 29. Light winds – a little rain. Hoist- -               ed out the launch, & sent the mules on shore the Governor intending to ride over to the intended site of the town. Went ashore with two boats to haul the nets caught several sting rays, & a few other fish. Came on to [...]

[ Read the full journal for: Thursday 29 December 1836 ]


Friday 30 December 1836

[, who arrived in South Australia on board the wrote.]

Friday, Decr 30. Fresh breezes & cloudy. S.W. Had no inter- -course with the shore today. Let go the larbd anchor.

[ Read the full journal for: Friday 30 December 1836 ]


Saturday 31 December 1836

[, who arrived in South Australia on board the wrote.]

Moderate. & fine. S.W. Morphett rode,
Strangways & I walked up to the intended city of
Adelaide. Walked back again: got on board at 9.30.P.M.

[ Read the full journal for: Saturday 31 December 1836 ]


css.php