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Week 04 - A fair wind

[ 13th of March 1836 to 19th of March 1836 | Read source notes. ]
[ View related 'school content': Week 04 - Livestock ]

The middle of March found both the John Pirie and the Duke of York still anchored close to shore in the English Channel, as strong adverse winds and torrential rain delayed their departure still further. But by 19 March the winds had swung around and Captain Morgan prepared his ship once more for sea. His duty called, as he put it, but he agonized about leaving his ‘beloved partner close to the trying hour of naturs sorrows’.  All soon turned to happiness however, when he learned that he was the father of a new daughter and that both wife and child were ‘likely to do well’. Much relieved, he went on his way ‘rejoiceing.’

Sketch of the Cygnet at anchorage, Port Augusta, April 1833.

Sketch of Cygnet at anchorage, Port Augusta 1833. Image courtesy State Library of Western Australia MN 586 ACC 303A/21.

Meanwhile the first of the Colonization Commissioners’ ships, the Cygnet was preparing to sail. Boyle Travers Finniss, deputy surveyor-general and his wife Anne made their final farewells and Finniss began his diary of the journey, extracts of which will be presented from this week.


Journals from passengers at sea:

Tuesday 15 March 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

There was a deluge of Rain, all last Night, accompd with
uncommon heavy A squall is a sudden, sharp increase in wind speed. Squalls , indeed so excessively hard, has
the Wind been blowing, the last two Nights and Yestdy that
even in this well shelter’d Harbour, several Ships have
brought home their Anchor’s, and drifted to Windward is the direction from which the wind is coming. Leeward is the opposite direction, away from the wind. leeward , where
they have had to let go, the second One  ____   however the
“John Pirie”, has rode out the Gale in safety, by only one
Anchor being down, and without ever moving from the first
situation, in which She was placed    ______    The Weather
has now become quite moderate, but two of our Sheep, have
caught very bad Cold’s, and are removed to the Livestock on board were normally kept in pens on deck. Any needing to recover from exposure during severe weather might have been transferred to the between-decks. While loosely described as a ‘hospital’, it was in no sense a formal one. Hospital ,
(a place we have partitioned off, from the others) where
they can be better attended too, and made more comfortable,
than being amongst those, that are healthy   _______

[ Read the full journal extract ]

Thursday 17 March 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

17th, March, presented cup to Colonel Torrens, cost of which was £50. Subscribed £1 – 19 – 6.

[ Read the full journal extract ]

Thursday 17th March 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

it blows hard from the westward gave the cable to 45
fathoms gave the people some A magazine is like a newspaper. Captain Morgan may have been referring to small religious booklets in this instance. magazines  to read I felt
a desire to visit my beloved partner in this trying

[ Read the full journal extract ]

Saturday 19 March 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

There being a fine Breeze, from the S,E, this Morng we
got under weigh, at Daylight, and proceeded to Sea,
in company with several other, outward bound Vessels,

[ Read the full journal extract ]

Saturday 19th March 1836

[, on board the wrote.]

Rose early found the wind fair we got up the top Gt Masts are long poles that extend up vertically from the keel and deck of a ship. They carry the rigging, spars and sails by which ships are propelled. To achieve the desired height of the mast, upper sections called topmasts, topgallant masts and royal masts can be added. Ships and barques have three masts: the foremast at the front, the mainmast (which is the highest) and the mizzenmast at the back of the vessel. Brigs and schooners have two masts: the foremast and the mainmast. mast
and Yards are horizontal poles that are suspended from the masts to support and spread the square sails. They are basically set square to the ship’s centre line but the angle can be adjusted to suit the direction of the wind. yards  set up the rigin and hove up the The starboard is the right side of a ship or a boat perceived by a person on board facing the bow (front).The left side was originally called ‘larboard’ but in the early nineteenth century that term was replaced by ‘port’ to avoid the crew mis-hearing an order. The change was made official in 1844. starboard
anchor and got all ready for sea …

the wind fair duty calls I must go
however painfull leaveing a beloved partner close to the
Labour, childbirth. trying hour  of naturs sorrows but God omnipresent
omnipotent omnicent helpeth the seed of the woman
and gives grace to shout victory victory I had a letter
wrote to send to my beloved partner commending
her to that God and saivour who had done so much
for us beliveing he whould bless her keep her and sur
port her through all the trying seans of life great was
my joy when I recevead a letter to inform me by a
Christain brother I was father of a fine Girl and
Mother and child was likely to do well I will sing to
the Lord a new song for he doeth marvilous things …
…  my
gratitude is better felt at present than expressed I now
can give up my dear partner boy and baby to the all wise
God and saivour and go on my way rejoiceing at 4 PM got When a ship is under weigh it is in motion. The anchor has been raised or weighed. und
er weigh
 and made sail for sea light wind from the SE

[ Read the full journal extract ]

Both the Duke of York and the John Pirie finally seem to be on their way, but once again the weather conspires against them.  Will they ever break free of the Channel? Find out next week.

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